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What are the types of health? and how you can maintain them

The word health refers to a state of complete emotional and physical well-being. Healthcare exists to help people maintain this optimal state of health.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), healthcare costs in the United States were $3.5 trillion in 2017.

However, despite this expenditure people in the U.S. have a lower life expectancy than people in other developed countries. This is due to a variety of factors, including access to healthcare and lifestyle choices.

Good health is central to handling stress and living a longer, more active life. In this article, we explain the meaning of good health, the types of health a person needs to consider, and how to preserve good health.

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Types of Health

There are two most frequently discussed types of health.

Mental Health 

Physical Health 

Spiritual, emotional, and financial health also contributed to overall health. Medical experts have linked to lower stress levels and improved mental and physical well-being.

Mental Health 

People with better financial health, for example, may worry less about finances and have the means to buy fresh food more regularly. These with good spiritual health may feel a sense of calm and purpose that fuels good mental health.

Health inequities affect all of us differently. Visit our dedicated hub for an in-depth look at social disparities in health and what we can do to correct them.

Physical Health 

A person who has good health is likely to have bodily functions and processes working at their peak. 

This is not only due not only to an absence of disease. Regular exercise, balanced nutrition, and adequate rest all contribute to good health. People receive medical treatment to maintain the balance, when necessary.

Looking after physical health and well-being also involves reducing the risk of an injury or health issue, such as:

  • Minimizing hazards in the workplace
  • Using contraception when having sex
  • Practicing effective hygiene 
  • Avoiding the use of tobacco, alcohol, or illegal drugs 

Taking the recommended vaccines for a specific condition or country when traveling 

Medical Health 

According to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, mental health refers to a person’s emotional, social, and psychological well-beings. Mental health is as important as physical health as part of a full, active lifestyle.

It is harder to define mental health than physical health because many psychological diagnoses depend on an individual’s perception of their experience.

Good mental health is not only categorized by the absence of depression, anxiety, or another disorder. It also depends on a person’s ability to:

  • Enjoy life 
  • Bounce back after difficult experiences and adapt to adversity 
  • Balance different elements of life, such as family and fiancés 
  • Feel safe and secure

Physical and mental health have strong connections. For example, if a chronic illness affects a person’s ability to complete their regular tasks, it may lead to depression and stress. These feelings could be due to financial problems or mobility issues.

A mental illness, such as depression or anorexia, can affect body weight and overall function.

Factors for Good Health 

Good health depends on a wide range of factors.

Genetic Factors 

A person is born with a variety of genes. In some people, an unusual genetic pattern or change can lead to a less-than-optimum level of health. People may inherit genes from their parents that increase their risk for certain health connections.

Environmental Factors 

Environmental factors play a role in health. Sometimes, the environment alone is enough to impact health. Other times, an environmental trigger can cause illness in a person who has an increased genetic risk of a particular disease.

Access to healthcare plays a role, but the WHO suggests that the following factors may have a more significant impact on health than this:

  • Where a person lives
  • The state of the surrounding environment 
  • Genetics 
  • Their income 
  • Their level of education 
  • Employment status 

It is possible to categorize these as follows:

The Social and Economic Environment: This may include the financial status of a family or community, as well as the social culture and quality of relationships.

The Physical Environment: This includes which germs exist in an area, as well as pollution levels.

A person’s Characteristics and Behaviors: A person’s genetic makeup and lifestyle choices can affect their overall health.

Preserving Health 

The best way to maintain health is to preserve it through a healthful lifestyle rather than waiting until sickness or infirmity to address health problems. People use the name wellness to describe this continuous state of enhanced well-being.

The WHO defines wellness as follows:

“Wellness is the optimal state of health of individuals and groups. 

There are two focal concerns: the realization of the fullest potential of an individual physically, psychologically, socially, spiritually, and economically, and the fulfillment of one’s roles and expectations in the family, community, place of worship, and other settings.”

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