Everything You Need To Know About Depression

Depression is a psychological disorder that can be explained as the feelings of anger, sadness or unhappiness that disturb or interferes in everyday life. Feeling down or sad is a normal part of life but if this has become a routine, you may be dealing with depression. Depression can get worse if it is not treated at the right time and by the right method.

Symptoms of Depression

The symptoms of depression are more than sadness and feeling emptiness. Some symptoms affect mind while the others have a strong impact on the body.

The symptoms can be unnecessary anger, irritability, emotional disturbance, feeling sad or hopeless and loss of interest in activities that were once interesting, difficulty in completing tasks, restless sleep, insomnia, anxiety and so on. 

The symptoms can be shown by body physically as well such as fatigue, chronic headache, digestive issues, weight changes, greater fatigue and increased cramps (in women)

Causes of Depression

There are several causes of depression. They can be psychological as well as biological.

Common reasons of depression are:

Family History

Like other health issues, you are at a greater risk of having depression if someone is your family had this.

Untreated Trauma

The unresolved trauma from childhood or early stages of life can cause depression.

Chronic Illnesses

 Depression is more likely to develop if you are a chronic patient of any or various diseases.

Stressful Events

 The loss of a loved one or war, divorce etc can lead your mind towards depression if not treated right.

Certain Medications

 There are some medications that can mess up with your mind and cause anxiety, stress and depression.

Depression is a complex phenomenon and it is difficult to find the major underlying cause even by the professional.

One should seek medical help if the symptoms don’t go away or the overall condition doesn’t get better. If left untreated it can cause many issues including weight changes, physical pain, other physical illnesses, panic attacks, self harm or even suicidal thoughts.

Types of Depression:

Major Depressive Disorder

Major depressive disorder is also often called as clinical depression. It is usually characterized by anger, sad mood all the time, weight changes, fatigue and feelings of worthlessness and guilt.

Persistent Depressive Disorder

As the name suggests, persistent depressive disorder is depression that is persistent. People can also experience brief periods of relief from being depressed but these relief symptoms last for only some days. The symptoms of persistent depressive disorder are not as severe as major depressive disorder, but they are persistent.

Symptoms include feelings of sadness, anger, insomnia, sleeping too much, low self esteem and difficulty in concentrating.

Postpartum Depression

 During and after pregnancy, a women body goes through so many hormonal changes and that can induce depression. It is different from the usual irritability, mood swings and anxiety women face for some days after their pregnancy, this behavior is normal. Symptoms include feelings of anxiety or sadness, trouble in bonding with the baby, getting thoughts to hurt you and your baby, feelings of hopelessness and suicidal thoughts.

Premenstural Dysphoric Disorder

Anger, mood swings, anxiety are irritability are the common symptoms of pre menstrual syndrome. Premenstural dysphoric disorder has some similar symptoms but the attention is on mood symptoms.

Extreme fatigue, feeling hopeless and self critical, food binging and extreme food swings.

Seasonal Affective Disorder

 Seasonal affective disorder is the depressive disorder that happens in seasons. You may find yourself perfectly well and happy in the summer but gloomy during the winter. It is more common in the regions that are far away from the equator.

Depression Treatments

 Some common treatments of depression include:


Your doctor can give you different medicines like anti depressants, anti anxiety or anti psychotics.

These medicines come with some advantages as well as side effects and risks.


Psychotherapy sessions can help you learn to how to cope with negative and disruptive emotions and it can help you getting rid of depression. Finding a good psychologist/therapist that suits you or understands you well is the key.

Light Therapy

 Light therapy can help with your mood and is typically used to treat patients with seasonal affective disorder.


Exercise can help keeping your body active and it can help with depression very well, it also elevates your mood.


Yoga can help you with stress and depression as it calms your mind down and relaxes your muscles.

Healthy Lifestyle

A healthy lifestyle can be great when it comes to battling depression, eating the right meals, and doing your physical activity while having a good sleeping pattern and less blue light exposure can be a cure for many ailments. It can help you relax and feel good.

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